THE HISTORY OF CHIROPRACTIC

Reconnaissance

1895

D.D. Palmer started to practice as a “chiropractor”.

1897

The Palmer School of Chiropractic, the first chiropractic educational institution, opened.

1913

Kansas became the first state of the country to recognise and license the chiropractic. Louisiana was the last state in 1974.

1923


Alberta became the first province to license chiropractic practice in Canada. Ontario followed it in 1925. Newfoundland was the last province, in 1992.

1933


The US Council of State Chiropractic Examining Boards was established with a mandate to provide unified standards for licensure. It was renamed as the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards (FCLB) in 1974.

1939

The Canton of Zurich, Switzerland became the first jurisdiction outside North America to license the practice of chiropractic.

1944

The Foundation for Chiropractic Education and Research (FCER) was created and became the profession’s foremost agency for the funding of postgraduate scholarship and research.

1963


The US National Board of Chiropractic Examiners (NBCE) was established to promote consistency and reciprocity between state examining boards.

1974


The US Council on Chiropractic Education (CCE) was recognised by the federal government as the accrediting agency for chiropractic schools. This led to the development of affiliated agencies in Australia, Canada, Europe and most recently Latin America.

1979

In New Zealand, the report of the NZ Commission of Inquiry into Chiropractic got published. This was the first government commission that adopted a full judicial procedure on the role of the chiropractic profession, hearing evidence under oath and cross-examining patients, chiropractors, medical doctors and others. The Commission’s recommendations strongly endorsed chiropractic services and called for medical cooperation.

1987

The final judgment in the Wilk vs. American Medical Association case was entered, opening the way for much greater cooperation between medical and chiropractic doctors in education, research and practice in the United States and internationally.

1988

The World Federation of Chiropractic (WFC) was formed. The WFC, which is actually constituted of national associations of chiropractors in over 85 countries, was admitted into official relations with the World Health Organization (WHO) as a non-governmental organisation or NGO in January 1997.

1993

The Manga Report in Canada was the first government-commissioned report by health economists looking at the cost-effectiveness of chiropractic services. It recognized a primary role for chiropractors in back pain patients on grounds of safety, cost-effectiveness and patient preference. It concluded that chiropractic would save hundreds of millions of dollars annually in direct health care costs and work disability payments.

1994

Government-sponsored expert panels developing evidence-based guidelines for the management of patients with back pain in the US (Agency for HealthCare Policy and Research) and the U.K. (Clinical Standards Advisory Group) provided the first authoritative reports that manipulation is a proven and preferred treatment approach for most acute low-back pain patients.

1996

The US government began official funding support for an ongoing agenda in chiropractic research thanks to the National Institutes of Health.

1998

The first year in which there were more chiropractic schools outside the United States (17) than in the United States (16). In 2007, with the opening of schools in Japan, Malaysia and Spain, there were 23 recognised schools outside the United States.

2002

The US Congress introduced chiropractic services in the military health system, then in 2004 throughout the veterans’ administration healthcare system.

2005

The WHO published the WHO Guidelines on Basic Training and Safety in Chiropractic, recommending educational standards for the recognition and regulation of chiropractic services in all member countries. By 2009, the guides were printed in Arabic, Chinese, English, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese, Spanish and Turkish.

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